Сhild depression inventory
Сhild depression inventory
Depression is a fairly long-term condition that is based on a reduced mood. And the mood can be anxious, sad, depressed, fearful, irritable, etc.
The bad mood is not depression, but its main component, combined with mental and motor inhibition. These three components make up the depressive triad, which is supplemented by the somatic component (deterioration of nutrition, sleep, decreased libido) and the depressive idea (depressive delirium).
What does depressive delirium mean? This is a delirium of self-blame, feelings of inferiority, exaggeration of somatic symptoms (a person may think that he is ill with something incurable).
Only child syndrome depression
Сhildren can’t say that they have anxiety and melancholy. Therefore, it is important to determine by appearance: the child is often alarmed, may be afraid of new people and objects. Sometimes children may show anguish in the form of complaints of shortness of breath.
It is important to know that in childhood and adolescence there is such a state as alexithymia — it is the inability to realize and convey their state of mind. Children can’t convey their mood. So to the questions: how do you feel? Always answer: normally.
In children, the state can often change from inhibition to activity (for example, a bad mood, can improve the gift). Children are very susceptible to provocations. This is an important distinguishing feature of adult depression. Adults, how not to the provoke-the state will not change.
In children, the mood may fluctuate during the day. In the morning-sluggish and depressed, and in the evening-active.
A child suffering from depression may cry in the morning, be sluggish and apathetic in the afternoon, and by the evening – increases motor activity and anxiety. Therefore, in children and adolescents in the evening may manifest suicidal attempts, escapes from home, etc.
Differences between child depression and adult:
Adults with depression do not cry, children always do.
In adults with depression, fear is rarely expressed, in children always.
The vector of depressive delirium in an adult is directed at himself (I did not do so, I am guilty, I am bad), and in children, the vector of guilt is directed to the external environment (the accusation of mom, dad, teacher).
Why is it difficult to identify depression in children?
Only child depression and adolescence – masked. This means that it is hidden behind the facade of some other disorders.
This is when the symptoms of depression are hidden behind somatic manifestations (gastroenterological, pulmonological, neurological, etc.). There is almost no child depression without a somatic component.
As a result, you can endlessly treat a child’s somatic disease, not knowing that the trigger is a psychological factor.