Alpine garden rules for planting and care
The alpine garden has long been a familiar element of garden compositions that mimic the natural mountain landscape. They can be built on a site with any terrain, without the help of a designer, harmoniously integrated into the surrounding landscape.
The alpine garden is a rocky garden with plants planted in a certain order, the choice of which should be taken with special attention. Plants should get along with their future neighbors, you should take into account the time and timing of their flowering.
The most suitable place for an alpine garden is a well-lit place, an existing slope. But do not make a hill under the trees, because their roots are able to move the stones.
To create an Alpine garden, you will need a loamy soil with a large amount of sand and gravel for drainage.
You can use the mix from the store, or you can prepare it yourself. To do this, mix clay soil, fine gravel, peat, a little fertilizer-humus or compost.
But do not abuse fertilizers, since with an excess of nutrients, plants easily grow and quickly wither.
For an average Alpine garden, you will need several large stones, sometimes weighing up to 200 kg, and small stones. Compositions are best constructed from stones that are uniform in configuration and texture. It is important to select stones by color, trying to avoid excessive diversity.
It is desirable to lay them flat, from the bottom up, avoid flat lines, alternate small and large stones, to create the illusion of a natural landscape. Possible gaps between stones are filled with soil. If only large stones are used when creating a slide, the soil between them is covered with fine gravel.
Before planting, the top layer of soil is removed, drainage is laid out, then it is necessary to allow a couple of weeks to settle the soil, and just before planting it, water it well. Do not overload the Alpine garden with plants, so that it does not lose its decorative effect.
To create stony gardens, low and medium-sized perennials and one tall one are usually used.
Dwarf trees, low shrubs look great, you can create an emphasis on creeping plants-pines that have creeping forms, various types of juniper, creeping carpet plants-acrid, Sedum, sod or moss saxifrage, creeping thyme.
Low-growing alpine plants are planted at the top of the hill, and plants with a height not exceeding half a meter are selected down. Among the stones, decorative bows, Scylla, and crocuses look spectacular, which are the first to bloom in the spring.
Selected alpine plants should not “choke” each other, slow-growing plants should be planted away from fast-growing plants.
To create a magnificent view of the hill, you should select plants depending on the breed and color of the stones. Light foliage looks great against the background of dark stones, and on the background of light-dark and reddish. To create an Alpine garden, it is good to use annual plants that mask the voids until the main alpine plants grow.
Effectively look Potentilla, Campanula, Euphorbia, cypress, saxifrage.
Caring for an Alpine garden is not difficult. It needs regular watering, which should make sure that the roots of plants are not exposed, fertilizer, loosening the soil. Considerable attention should be paid to weeding stony gardens since many plants do not tolerate a lack of nutrients and die.
Best of all, Alpine garden look in the main recreation area, near terraces, gazebos, and in combination with an artificial waterfall or pond become especially attractive.